All Publications

A Yaghmur, A Aserin, Y Mizrahi, A Nerd, and N Garti. 1999. “Argan oil-in-water emulsions: preparation and stabilization.” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 76, 1, Pp. 15–18. Abstract
We prepd. stable oil-in-water emulsions of argan oil with two different types of mixts. of nonionic emulsifiers. Three different types of oil (Israeli argon oil, Moroccan argan oil, and soybean oil) were emulsified with mixts. of Span 80 and Tween 80. The optimum HLB value for argan oil was 11.0 (±1.0). The argan oil-in-water emulsions were stable for more than 5 mo at 25°C. Synergistic effects were found in enhancing stability of emulsions prepd. with sucrose monostearate. The origin of the oil and the internal content of natural emulsifiers, such as monoglycerides and phospholipids, have a profound influence on its interfacial properties and on the stability of the argan oil-in-water emulsions. [on SciFinder(R)]
N. Garti and A. Aserin. 1998. “Ester oils.” Israel 123367.
Abraham Aserin, Nissim Garti, and Arnon. Shani. 1998. “Lubricous coating compositions containing jojoba oil.”. Abstract
Coating compns. comprise natural or synthetic jojoba oil which is optionally partially or completely hydrogenated and/or isomerized, a solvent, or a dispersing system (an immiscible org. liq. and dispersing agent). The coating compns. are for polymers or plastics or naturally occurring macromols. with high hydrophobicity or with low or medium surface energy. Thus, a coating contained GKF 8-10 (octane-decane) 46.5%, pentane-hexane 46.5%, jojoba oil 5.8%, glycerol 0.5, and fragrances 0.7%. [on SciFinder(R)]
S Ezrahi, A Aserin, and N Garti. 1998. “An excursion into phase tetrahedra-where physical chemistry and geometry meet.” Journal of Chemical Education, 75, 12, Pp. 1648–1652. Abstract
The authors have shown how triangles and tetrahedra can be used to represent the compn. and phase behavior of three- and four-component systems. The relationship between such triangular representations and the full tetrahedron is explained by geometric considerations of the cross-sections through the tetrahedron. [on SciFinder(R)]
S Ezrahi, A Aserin, and N Garti. 1998. “Structural evolution along water dilution lines in nonionic systems.” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 203, 1, Pp. 222–224. Abstract
The authors studied the nonionic system water/dodecane/butanol/ polyoxyethylene (10) oleyl alc., and water/dodecane/pentanol/ polyoxyethylene (8) lauryl alc. A pronounced increase in cond. may be the result of a microstructural change, not an inversion from W/O to O/W. Microstructural evolutions of two model systems along two different diln. lines, where the wt. ratios of surfactant/alc./oil are 2:1:1 and 4:3:3, resp., are similar. The inversion from W/O to O/W microemulsion should occur at a water content much higher than 20-30 wt%. (c) 1998 Academic Press. [on SciFinder(R)]
VD Fedotov, Natalija N Vylegzhanina, AE Altshuler, VI Shlenkin, Yu. F Zuev, and N Garti. 1998. “An electron spin resonance study of the soy bean phosphatidylcholine-based reversed micelles.” Applied Magnetic Resonance, 14, 4, Pp. 497–512. Abstract
The ESR spectra of 1-palmitoyl-2-stearoyl-(n-doxyl)-glycero-3-phosphocholine spin label positional isomers (n = 5, 7, 10, 12 and 16) were studied in soy bean phosphatidylcholine (SPC)-based microemulsions with various vol. fractions of disperse phase over the wide temp. range. The max. hyperfine splitting 2Amax and the order parameters S were taken as indexes of the rotational mobility and the motion spatial restrictions of the labeled lipid chain segments. The temps. Ttr at which sharp enhancements of 2Amax and S occur depend on concn. and size of the reversed micelles in solns. To explain this, a plausible model, taking into account capability of the SPC mol. hydrocarbon chains to change a tilt angle with respect to the surface of a polar head group as temp. varies, is proposed. The estns. of the correlation times $\tau$sl obtained from the lineshape characteristics of the ESR spectra provided the possibility to suggest that these correlation times characterize the reorientations of the SPC chain axis about the normal to the surface of a polar head group of a reversed micelle. [on SciFinder(R)]
N Garti. 1998. “New trends in double emulsions for controlled release.” Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science, 108, Pp. 83–92. Abstract
A review, with 47 refs. Double emulsions have significant potential in many applications since, at least in theory, they can serve as an entrapping reservoir for active ingredients that can be released by a controlled and sustained transport mechanism. Many of the potential applications are in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and food. In practice, double emulsions are thermodynamically unstable systems with a strong tendency for coalescence, flocculation, and creaming. During the last decade much work was carried out to improve the stability and to control the release rates from double emulsions. The review will mention some of the more interesting studies making use of almost any possible combination and blend of monomeric emulsifiers, oils and stabilizers, polymerizable emulsifiers, macromol. surfactants both natural occurring and synthetic, increase viscosity of each of the phases, microspheres and microemulsions in the internal emulsions, etc. The presentation will stress also the most recent achievements in this area including: (i) the use of specially tailor-made polymeric emulsifiers to improve interface coverage and to better anchor into the dispersed phases; (ii) droplet size redn. by forming microemulsions or vesicles in the internal phase; (iii) an improvement in the understanding of the release mechanisms; (iv) the use of different filtration techniques to improve the monodispersibility of the droplets; and (v) use of various additives (carriers, complexing agents) to control the release via the reverse micellar mechanism. [on SciFinder(R)]