A study of the microstructure of four-component sucrose ester microemulsions by SAXS and NMR.


M Fanun, E Wachtel, B Antalek, A Aserin, and N Garti. 2001. “A study of the microstructure of four-component sucrose ester microemulsions by SAXS and NMR.” Colloids and Surfaces, A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 180, 1-2, Pp. 173–186.


Sucrose esters form a class of surfactants with the important properties of being biodegradable, non-toxic and capable of forming temp.-insensitive microemulsions. Such microemulsions would be expected to suit a variety of food-based and pharmaceutical applications; however to date little is known about their structure and stability. In this study, the Winsor IV microemulsion systems composed of sucrose esters (SE)/1-butanol/water and oils such as n-dodecane, n-hexadecane and medium chain triglyceride (MCT), have been investigated using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), pulsed gradient spin echo (PGSE) NMR and viscosity measurements. The SAXS results for the sucrose monostearate (S1570) system at SE/MCT/1-butanol=1.5:1.1 clearly indicate that the periodicity d increases with increase in water content and is not sensitive to the nature of the oil. From the amphiphilicity factor, fa, and the correlation length, $\xi$, one can conclude that the n-dodecane-based microemulsion system is the most ordered. Microstructure investigation by PGSE NMR gives evidence of structural changes as the water content in the system increases. The oil self-diffusion remains unchanged when MCT serves as the oil phase. However, when the oil is paraffinic in nature (n-dodecane and n-hexadecane) the self-diffusion coeff. indicates participation of the oil mols. at the interface. Surfactant self-diffusion is only weakly affected by the water content. The shorter chain oils (n-dodecane and MCT) solubilize a max. of 40 and 47 wt. % Of water and cannot invert, while the long chain paraffinic (n-hexadecane-based system) inverts into an O/W microemulsion. The viscosity of these microemulsions decreases with increasing water content. The absence of a yield stress in any of the samples studied, together with the linearity of the flow curves, is evidence that there are no relaxation processes in these microemulsions which show a non-Newtonian flow behavior. [on SciFinder(R)]
Last updated on 05/27/2020