Maillard Reaction between leucine and glucose in O/W microemulsion media in comparison to aqueous solution.

Citation:

R Lutz, A Aserin, and N Garti. 2005. “Maillard Reaction between leucine and glucose in O/W microemulsion media in comparison to aqueous solution.” Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 26, 5, Pp. 535–547.

Abstract:

The Maillard reaction is controlled by temp., pH, nature of reactants (sugars and amino acids), and water activity. The authors carried out reactions between glucose and leucine in U-type nonionic microemulsions to obtain regioselectivity and control reaction rates. Reactants were oriented at the interface and water activity was adjusted using blends of surfactant and propylene glycol (PG). U-type microemulsions, previously studied by the authors, served as microreactors for the Maillard reaction. The reactions in the microemulsion media were slower than those carried out in aq. soln. and formed unique arom. compds. Reaction rates increased when using systems richer in water, as the water activity was enhanced. The surfactant plays a key role in detg. water activity and reagent reactivity in all the microemulsions. The presence of PG slows the reaction, mainly when it resides at the interface, facilitating the formation of a bicontinuous structure. Phase transitions within the U-type microemulsions were detd. by viscosity and SD-NMR, and were correlated to the interfacial presence of the reactants and their reactivity. [on SciFinder(R)]
Last updated on 05/27/2020