Docosahexaenoic acid triglyceride-based microemulsions with an added dendrimer - Structural considerations.


Nina Lidich, M Francesca Ottaviani, Roy E Hoffman, Abraham Aserin, and Nissim. Garti. 2016. “Docosahexaenoic acid triglyceride-based microemulsions with an added dendrimer - Structural considerations.” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 483, Pp. 374–384.


Omega fatty acids, mainly the triglyceride of docosahexaenoic acid (TG-DHA), are considered important nutraceuticals. These compds. are water-insol. and their transport across membranes depends on their carriers. Dendrimers are known as drug carriers across cell membranes and also as permeation enhancers. The solubilization of TG-DHA and dendrimer into a microemulsion (ME) system serving as a carrier could be used for a targeted delivery in the future. The interactions between TG-DHA and second generation poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers (PPI-G2) and their effect on structural transitions of ME were explored along the water diln. line using ESR and pulsed-gradient spin-echo NMR along with other anal. techniques. The microviscosity, order parameter, and micropolarity of all studied systems decrease upon water diln. Incorporation of TG-DHA reduces the microviscosity, order, and micropolarity, whereas PPI-G2 leads to an increase in these parameters. The effect of PPI-G2 is more pronounced at relative high contents (1 and 5 wt%) where PPI-G2 interacts with the hydrophilic headgroups of the surfactants. In the macroscale, the effects of TG-DHA and PPI-G2 differ mostly in the bicontinuous region, where macroviscosity increases upon TG-DHA incorporation and decreases upon solubilization of 5 wt% PPI-G2. From DSC measurements it was concluded that in the presence of TG-DHA the PPI-G2 is intercalated easily at the interface. [on SciFinder(R)]
Last updated on 05/27/2020